The onset of Winter Skincare is no reason not to use spf or to put away all skincare products in a distant drawer. In the cold season, it is very important to take care of the skin, but summer products are not only not suitable, but can also be harmful. We learned from a dermatovenereologist what Winter Skincare should be, depending on the type of skin, what can not be used, and how to understand that you need to contact a specialist.
Linda Ayvazyan, dermatovenereologist What happens to our skin depending on the climate? Skin health depends on many factors. And, accordingly, the central place is occupied by climatic conditions – air temperature and humidity, which can both cause problems and get rid of them. With insufficient moisture, skin cells become weaker and stop functioning properly. Dry air dehydrates, causing the complexion to become pale, and peeling, and irritation and inflammation appear. It also reduces barrier functions, so, for example, cold dermatitis can occur (inflammation that develops in response to exposure to low temperatures. – Ed.). Also, dry air can cause premature aging of the skin and its loss of elasticity.
Moderate humidity combined with a maritime climate is ideal for dry skin. Sea air contains ozone and ions of mineral salts, which has a positive effect on the skin. Seawater can also soothe irritated areas and reduce acne, while the sun can dry them out.
Too humid air, on the contrary, is not very favorable, as it can provoke the active work of the sebaceous glands and blockage of pores. Because of this, comedones appear, which are sometimes more problematic to treat than acne.
The best option for facial skin is warm air combined with dry air, which is found mainly in the steppe regions. And people with oily skin are more suitable for a climate where the sun and low humidity prevail.
How does cold affect the Winter Skincare?
During frostbite, ice crystals form in it, which damage cells and disrupt the blood supply. That is, the body’s first reaction to cold is the constriction of superficial blood vessels in order to reduce heat loss and increase blood flow to internal organs. This leads to oxygen starvation of skin tissues. For more information Global Pediaa.
How to take care of your face during cold weather?
Unfortunately, now there are no creams that regulate the work of blood vessels so that they contract and expand equally quickly, but this can be trained with a contrast wash, rinsing the face first with cold, then warm water. But it is important to consider that if you have rosacea (expansion of blood vessels on the face. – Approx. ed.), then this option will not work.
It is also important to understand your skin type. If it is normal, then moisturizing is suitable: choose creams with oils and antioxidants and a soft texture. If the skin is dry, then it is better not to get carried away with peeling, do them a maximum of once a week. Basically, care consists in nourishing the skin, for which products with oils and vitamins are suitable. Also, dry skin can be exfoliated, but the products should be gentle, without fruit acids.
For oily skin, it is necessary to maintain the lipid barrier and moisturize it with products of a more liquid consistency. For regular cleansing, you can use micellar water and alcohol-free tonics, and salicylic acid is suitable for removing dead skin particles. If you have oily skin that is prone to acne, then in Winter Skincare you should reduce the number of cleansing and mattifying masks, especially those based on clay. Suitable moisturizing masks two to three times a week. The main thing is not to use oil-based products, because it is a comedogenic component, and also to avoid paraffin.
For problematic skin, products with salicylic acid are suitable, especially in combination with hyaluronic acid. They nourish, and at the same time do not close the sebaceous glands and do not overdry the skin. Also, in addition to the usual moisturizing care, people with rosacea can use products with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects. Also in winter, for problem skin, it is recommended to choose creams with chamomile and ceramide extracts.
Good components in Winter Skincare cosmetics are vegetable oils, animal fats, vitamins, and hyaluronic acid. The bad ones are petroleum jelly, glycerin, and alcohol because they coat the skin very roughly and clog our pores.
What shouldn’t be done?
Before going out into the cold, it is not recommended to use intense moisturizers, as this makes it difficult to notice signs of frostbite. Also, people often abuse excess exfoliation. Yes, scrubs remove dead cells, but if you do it too often, you can create microtraumas that provoke inflammation.
Many more are addicted to cleansers, especially those with acids in their composition, but it is important not to overdo it. Otherwise, they damage the hydrolipidic mantle (a protective barrier on the surface of the skin, which is formed from a mixture of exfoliated horny scales, sweat, and sebum. – Approx. ed.). There are enzymes on the integument of the skin that naturally exfoliate dead cells, and they are active only at a normal level of acid-base balance (thanks to it, the skin retains elasticity, normal sebum production, and protective properties. – Note ed.). If a shift occurs, then the mouths of the follicles become clogged, and comedones form.
You also don’t need to over-moisturize. If we apply thick layers of products to the sebaceous glands, especially with oils that cover the skin like a film, we can, again, provoke the formation of comedones, acne, and inflammation, since the sebaceous glands will not be able to work properly. Visit More:- Can Pregnant Women Safely Enjoy A Swim
What do you need to know about the skin in order to choose the right products?
From the age of 20, the withering process begins, the first signs of aging, and wrinkles may appear, and daily care is based on cleansing and moisturizing. During this period, the skin is still elastic and responds gratefully to various means, so you can limit yourself to the ones listed above.
After 30 years, the production of hyaluronic acid and the number of collagen fibers decrease, respectively, dryness, tightness of the skin, and loss of elasticity appear. In this case, moisturizers with hyaluronic acid are needed.
After 40 years, work is also underway with age-related changes, but pigmentation, changes in facial contours, and tone are already appearing, so you can connect drugs with acids, for example, with retinol, or peptides.
How to understand that you need to contact a specialist?
If you do not form redness, dryness, and peeling, then we can say that the body is coping. But if they are, then this is a signal that the current care is not suitable, and you need to change it or remove unnecessary funds. So, in order to restore the hydrolipidic mantle of the skin, it often takes a lot of time, a complete change in care and pharmaceutical preparations, and only in this combination can positive dynamics be achieved.